Who We Are

William Cleveland, Director

Bill Cleveland’s early passions were writing music and “changing the world.” After studying psychology at the University of Maryland all three came together in a place called Buckhorn Centre.  Established in the early 70’s, Buckhorn was a Canadian version of California’s Esalen Institute. Bill’s art and community tutelage continued in 1977, when he was hired to run a program funded through the US Department of Labor’s Comprehensive Employment and Training Act, (CETA) at Sacramento’s Metropolitan Arts Commission. Through CETA, unemployed artists were hired to make art in hospitals, prisons, public housing, senior centers and the like. Ironically, by the end of 1979, CETA had become the largest Federal arts program in US history.

In 1981, Bill joined another unlikely cultural partnership at the California Department of Corrections. In partnership with the William James Association and UCLA Artsreach, Bill helped make the Arts-In-Corrections Program the largest arts residency program in the country with a faculty of hundreds of artists and 20,000 participants. In 1986, while at the Department of Corrections, Bill began studying and documenting the stories of artists working in community settings across the country.  This culminated in the writing of Art in Other Places: Artists at Work in America’s Community and Social Institutions. (Praeger, 1992) In 1989, after serving 18 months as an Assistant Director at Corrections, Bill turned his attention to running a new California state agency called the California State Summer School for the Arts. The school, now called InnerSpark is dedicated to the training of promising young teen artists and located at the California Institute for the Arts. 

Bill’s continuing interest in what he calls “arts-based community development” led to the creation of the Center for the Study of Art and Community in 1991. CSA&C promotes the idea that human creativity is both a vastly underutilized natural resource and essential to the development of caring and capable communities. The Center works across all community sectors (education, human services, public safety, faith, community development) to integrate the arts into community life.  For the past 17 years, except for a two year stint as the Walker Art Center’s Director of Education, the Center has given Bill an opportunity to learn from and write about, hundreds of artists and their community partners throughout the world. The projects have been incredibly diverse, ranging from youth detention centers in rural Mississippi, artist/scientist collaborations across the US, to working with the Greek government on school-centered cultural community development. He has also shared his experiences in hundreds of lectures and articles. 

Since the mid-90’s, Bill has also been studying and writing about community arts efforts in Africa, South America, Asia, and Europe. Many of these stories involved artists working in communities confronting major political and social upheaval.  These experiences led him on the eight-year global journey that eventually produced Art & Upheaval: Artists on the Worlds Frontlines (New Village Press, 2008) 

Pat Shifferd, Research Associate

Patricia A. Shifferd is a principal investigator for the Center's research efforts.  Until 2006, she was the lead researcher for the Center for Cultural Assessment at American Composers Forum.  While at the Forum, she also directed the Continental Harmony National Composer Residency Project from 1998 to 2003.  Holder of the Ph.D. degree in Sociology and Anthropology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, her academic specialties include the sociology of economic change, social stratification, and political sociology.  Her career in the academic world included 30-years of teaching a wide variety of courses in the areas of community development and demography, as well as the application of quantitative methods to questions of social structure and social change.  During her academic career at Northland College, she also directed the highly successful Arts & Lecture Series, and served in a variety of administrative roles including interim Academic Vice-president and Dean.

Dr. Shifferd’s research and publications are in the areas of community power structures, large scale social change, and the role of the arts in community development.  As occupant of the Marks Chair of the Social Sciences, she researched paradigms of sustainable community development, an area with strong affinity to questions of community health and wellness.  She has done contract survey research for the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, measuring the opinions and policy preferences of lake property owners.  Her research reports, Being at the Lake I & II, are widely cited in discussions and presentations on lake management issues.

At American Composers Forum, Dr. Shifferd directs the community-based commissioning project, Continental Harmony.  Having its origin as a millennium project of the National Endowment for the Arts, the program has created a new model of art-based community development.  The initial round of the project was highlighted in a special presentation to the NEA national council in July of 2000.  In addition, the Public Broadcasting System through its Twin Cities’ affiliate, Twin Cities Public Television, has launched an award-winning interactive web site on the project; a documentary on Continental Harmony will air nation-wide in the fall of 2001.

In addition to the innovative evaluation of this project, designed and carried out in partnership with the Center for the Study of Art & Community and funded by Rockefeller Foundation, Dr. Shifferd is responsible for evaluation protocols of Forum chapter projects in Atlanta, Boston, and Los Angeles, the latter as part of a research grant from the California Arts Council.  She will also be working in partnership with the Minnesota State Arts Board in the evaluation of their Wallace Funds project to increase cultural participation throughout the state. 

Early in 2001, Dr. Shifferd was a panelist for the Department of Housing and Urban Development/National Endowment for the Arts’ Creative Communities project, which will bring arts programming into public housing communities in 20 states.

Joseph Cutcliffe, Consulting Expert

Joseph G. Cutcliffe, PhD, is a management consultant specializing in organization development and performance effectiveness. He has over 20 years of diverse consulting and corporate management experience as a Senior Associate with the Hay Group, as a Consulting Psychologist with Rohrer, Hibler & Replogle in San Francisco, as Director of Organization Development with Mattel Toys, and as President of Cutcliffe Consulting Group since 1980.

His consulting practice emphasizes the application of behavioral principles and technology to the challenge of selecting, developing, and mobilizing people toward improved organizational performance. His experience includes assignments in executive assessment and selection, leadership training, strategic planning, organization analysis and team planning and development.

Representing a broad spectrum of industrial, financial, and cultural organizations, his clients range in size from Fortune 500 corporations to smaller emerging entities who are interested in maximizing individual and group performance and successfully managing organizational change.

Dr. Cutcliffe has served as a member of the Technical Advisory Committee on Testing (TACT) for the State of California, the Advisory Council of the California School of Professional Psychology, and as a Lecturer on organizational behavior and group dynamics in the Graduate Business School of Golden Gate University. He is active in a number of professional groups, including the Organization Development Institute, The American Society of Training and Development and The American Psychological Association. He has published articles and made presentations on such topics as competency assessment, career burnout in executives, the process of integration in corporate mergers and facilitating consensus in planning processes.     

Licensed as a psychologist in California, Dr. Cutcliffe has an undergraduate degree from Boston College and his Ph.D. from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland. He served as Postdoctoral Fellow in Psychology at the University of Colorado Medical Center in Denver before coming to California.

Wild Caught Authors

Maryo Gard Ewell of Gunnison, Colorado, provides an array of services to the non-profit world in general, and the community arts world in particular, through keynote speaking, writing, consulting, training and teaching. Her specialty is community development and the arts - the linking of the arts to the furthering of broader community ends – and she is especially interested in the evolution and patterns of community arts development in the United States.

She currently manages community development, grants and Peer Assistance programs for the Colorado Council on the Arts, and has been working with the Wisconsin Arts Board to investigate the impact of a seminal community arts program in Wisconsin in 1967 – one outcome of which is The Arts in the Small Community 2006, co-authored with Michael Warlum. She co-teaches the community arts class for the MA in Arts Administration program at Goucher College, and teaches Grantwriting at Western State College in Colorado.  She is also working with the Ohio Arts Foundation and with Americans for the Arts to help preserve the history of the recent community arts and state arts agency movements.

Ewell has worked for community arts councils in Connecticut, and for state arts agencies in Illinois and Colorado. She currently serves on the board of her local arts center and on the board of the Community Foundation of the Gunnison Valley.  Honors include the 2004 “Arts Advocate of the Year” award from her local Gunnison Arts Center; the 2003 “Arts Are The Heart” award for service to the arts in Colorado; and in 2001 an Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Goucher College. She received the Selina Roberts Ottum Award from Americans for the Arts - their highest award for community arts development – in 1995. She holds an MA in Organizational Behavior from Yale, and an MA in Urban & Regional Planning from the University of Colorado-Denver.

Puanani Burgess works as a community building facilitator and consultant in Hawai’i, the U.S. and the Pacific.  She was the Executive Director of the Wai’anae Coast Community Alternative Development Corporation and helped to develop Backyard Aquaculture, beginning in her home community of Wai`anae.  It is now a community economic development tool that is being used throughout Hawai`i and the Pacific.  Puanani’s activism has taken her to jail, to corporate boardrooms, courtrooms, community meeting halls, and universities.  Part of her work as a cultural translator has led her to develop processes, she calls Building the Beloved Community, which help people in their families, organizations and communities pierce the paradigms which destroy their confidence and belief systems.  Her work is about creating surprise and curiosity which can lead to change or no-change by choice and consciousness.

Pua has served as the Myles and Zilphia Horton Chair for Highlander Research and Education Center in New Market, Tennessee, and as a community scholar in residence in 1995 at the University of Hawai’i’s Department of Urban and Regional Planning.  She is also a published poet, mother and friend of many.  She is one of the founders of the Wai`anae Coast Community Mental Health Center, and had been the President of the Board of Directors for many years.  She was also the President of the Board of the Pu`a Foundation, the only native Hawaiian Foundation, and continues as an Emeritus Member.  She has been on the faculty of the Ms. Foundation and Asian Pacific American Women’s Leadership Institute (APAWLI) and continues on the teaching faculty of CAPAW, the Center for Asian an Pacific American Women (the successor of APAWLI).  She has been a board member of the Hawai’i Women’s Fund, the Women’s Institute for Leadership Development in San Francisco, Ka’ala Farm, Inc., Hoa’Aina o Makaha, and other non-profit organizations.  She currently sits on the Advisory Board of the U. H. School of Social Work, and on the board of the Positive Futures Network, the publisher of YES! Magazine and the People Centered Development Forum.

As the Executive director of the Wai’anae Coast Community Alternative Development Corporation in her native community of Wai’anae she helped design and implement a comprehensive, community-designed and driven planning process based on the Hawaiian idea:

If you plan for a year, plant kalo;
If you plan for ten years, plant koa;
But if you plan for a hundred years, teach the children – Aloha ‘Aina (to Love the Land)

In 2001 she was ordained as a Zen Buddhist priest in the International Daihonzan Chozen-ji.

Milenko Matanovic is a  community builder  and a visual artist with a professional career and  international  reputation spanning 40 years. As founding director of  Pomegranate  Center, he has created an arena in which art, public participation   and community betterment converge.  Through Pomegranate,  Milenko  facilitates the conception and construction of open-air  gathering places. He  involves community members in all phases of  these projects, from generation of  initial concept, through  construction and stewardship. He has also  collaborated with artist  James Hubbell in leading architecture students from  four countries  in creating parks in China, Russia, Mexico and the United   States.

Milenko is also a skilled facilitator helping people  of  divergent views solve common problems. He has designed and  facilitated  strategic planning sessions, leadership summits, and  design workshops for  dozens of communities regionally, nationally  and internationally. His work at  Pomegranate Center has brought  people and communities together to create and  identify cultural,  environmental and social priorities in community  development. His  services have been used by the US Department of Energy,  Washington  State government agencies, municipal governments in USA and Canada,   neighborhood groups and non-profits

Erik Takeshita   Erik is interested in pursuing and promoting the use of art and culture to empower communities of color and develop stronger communities.  He has over 18 years of experience in the non-profit and public sectors providing strategic planning, program development, project management and leadership development to a wide-range of organizations. He directed an art center in Honolulu, HI focused on using the arts to help revitalize downtown/Chinatown and was a Lecturer at the University of Hawaii in the Urban and Regional Planning Department. Previously, Takeshita served as a Senior Policy Aide to the Mayor of Minneapolis where he championed the development of a 10-year Strategic Plan for Arts and Culture and the creation of an Affordable Housing Trust Fund.  Mr. Takeshita earned a Masters of Public Administration from the Harvard Kennedy School, and a Masters in Management from St. Mary’s University of Minnesota. He is currently a Senior Program Officer for Twin Cities LISC, an Instructor at the University of Minnesota Urban Studies Department and a private consultant.    .

Alice Lovelace is an arts activist who uses her talents to work for social and economic justice. She is a published author, performance poet, award winning playwright, essayist, arts infusion specialist, and community arts consultant. Alice has a Masters Degree in Conflict Resolution with an emphasis on the role of the poet as agent of social change. Alice works nationally and internationally to shape cultural policy. Her awards include 1996 Atlanta Mayor's Fellowship in the Arts, the 1997 Fund for Southern Communities’ "Torchbearer Award", the 2000 Project South "Spirit of the Movement" award, the 2005 Georgia Writers "Lifetime Achievement Award"; and the 2007 Frederick Douglas-Eugene Debs Award from the Democratic Socialists of America. Alice is coeditor of "Art Changes" at In Motion Magazine, an on-line publication devoted to issues of democracy; and Lead Editor of CRUX, a comparative anthology of non-fiction and poetry with a focus on South Africa and the South United States. Alice is the National Lead Staff Organizer for the United States Social Forum.


Rhea Patterson , a Midlothian, Virginia native, received her B.F.A in Modern Dance Performance from the University of the Arts in Philadelphia, PA, and a M.A. in Arts Administration from Goucher College in Baltimore, MD. Rhea began her performance career as a concert dancer earning professional accreditation through the Urban Bush Women, INSPIRIT, a dance company, NathanTrice Rituals, Dayton Contemporary Dance 2nd Company, Bermuda Dance Company, Hope Boykin Dance, and Eleone Dance Theater. In 2006, Ms. Patterson made an unexpected transition into musical theater when cast in the 1st National Broadway to of Sweet Charity, the Chicago cast of Wicked, and the Broadway revival of Guys and Dolls.

As an administrator, Rhea has worked for Eleone Dance Theater, Dayton Contemporary Dance Company, Urban Bush Women, and The Nathan Cummings Foundation as an intern under the tutelage of Claudine Brown. Rhea currently resides in Brooklyn, NY where she continues her research of community-based art making and performs regularly as a permanent cast member of Wicked on Broadway and Angela’s Pulse on a per project basis. Ms. Patterson serves as an active board member of INSPIRIT, a dance company, as well as Vice President of her residential cooperative